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Groundbreaking therapy ‘reverses brain damage’ in toddler who drowned in swimming pool

Doctors were purportedly able to reverse brain damage suffered by a little girl who spent 15 minutes in the water, and whose heart did not beat on its own for two hours after the incident, according to research published this week in the journal Medical Gas Research.The accident took place in February 2016.Dr. Paul Harch, Clinical Professor and Director of Hyperbaric Medicine at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, and Dr. Edward Fogarty, at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine, report the case of the reversal of brain volume loss in a two-year-old drowning victim unresponsive to all stimuli treated with normobaric oxygen (oxygen at sea level) and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT).Specialists say they were able to reverse the brain damage, despite the girl showing deep grey matter injury and cerebral atrophy.And was able to discontinue her medication.Two-year-old Eden Carlson from the USA miraculously recovered from #brain damage after escaping death from drowning in her family’s pool in February past year. At the time of her release, according to WDSU, Eden didn’t respond to commands, couldn’t speak and constantly squirmed. The treatment called hyperbaric oxygen therapy involved increasing the amount of oxygen in Carlson’s blood and repairing her damaged tissue in a sealed and pressurized chamber. Fifty-five days post-drowning, he began short duration treatment with 100% normobaric oxygen for 45 minutes twice a day through a nasal cannula.Twenty-three days after the normobaric oxygen therapy began, Eden and her family travelled to New Orleans, where Dr. Harch and his colleagues began treating her with HBOT. She even regained some speech and the ability to track objects with her eyes.Now, just months after accident, doctors reported that they were able to successfully return the child’s ability to walk and talk.After 39 sessions, the hospital said that the girl was able to walk with assistance, could speak at a level greater than she was capable of prior to drowning, had normal cognitive function and close-to-normal motor function and showed improvement on almost all neurological abnormalities.162 days after drowning, and after her last HBOT session, the girl presented a near-complete reversal of the cortical and white matter atrophy. She was also observed to have marked improvements in all of her motor and neurological functions, and cognition tests.An MRI scan a month after the 40 HBOT session showed nearly complete reversal of the brain damage initially recorded.But a combination of new oxygen therapies has meant that researchers have “reversed” the brain damage, Science Alert reported.In some cases, the treatment can help the body fix damaged tissue.Patients who are not able to get hyperbaric oxygen therapy may still benefit from “normobaric” oxygen treatments for short durations of time in a repetitive manner until hyperbaric oxygen therapy is available for access in their local hospitals. Still, it may nonetheless help indicate that the low-risk medical treatment used may have “a profound effect” on the function recovery in patients that suffered similar accidents.