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Utah House map may give GOP advantage

The state House went from a 71-49 Democratic majority in 1994 to an 81-39 Republican majority after the 2002 election when districts were redrawn by Republican lawmakers.The analysis measuring the “efficiency gap” shows Kentucky Republicans won about three more seats than they should have given their share of statewide votes.The GOP ultimately fell short of winning enough seats to finally control the House, which Democrats now govern with a slim 79-72 majority.The AP scrutinized the outcomes of all 435 U.S. House races and about 4,700 state House and Assembly elections a year ago, using a new statistical method of calculating partisan advantage created to detect potential political gerrymandering.Its analysis showed that although Democrats had a 51 percent to 49 percent vote edge statewide over Republicans, the GOP had a majority in 102 of the new House districts compared to just 61 for Democrats.OH has seen growing bipartisan concern about how its voting districts are drawn.The chief architect of a Republican legislative redistricting plan has previously said politics played a key role in drawing lines, but in ways that helped incumbents in both parties. Del.Betty Sutton, another northeast Ohio Democrat who lost her congressional seat in that redistricting, said her district was “a flawless example of partisan efforts to rig the system”.Less attention was paid to manipulation that occurred not during the presidential race, but before it – in the drawing of lines for hundreds of USA and state legislative seats.Despite a 2010 constitutional amendment aimed at preventing political gerrymandering, Republicans dominate Florida politics. It found that the GOP may have won as many as 22 additional congressional seats than expected based on the average vote share in congressional districts across the country.”The Democrats don’t know how to run campaigns; they’re awful at it”, he said.The efficiency gap is the subject of a lawsuit before the U.S. Supreme Court. Yet Republicans won 57 percent of the House seats, claiming 63 seats to the Democrats’ 47.Torr argues gerrymandering, whether to build and keep political power or, as some in the minority party argue, to build competitive races, is damaging. Nevada’s districts were decided by a court, but Republicans complained at the time that they appeared more favorable to Democrats.At least two-thirds of the commissioners must vote to approve a map.Republicans won an average of 67 percent of the vote in of Utah’s district past year but won all four of Utah’s U.S. House seats, giving the GOP almost one seat beyond what would be projected in a votes-to-seats ratio. And other factors beyond partisan gerrymandering could explain the efficiency gap in Kentucky’s election, including shifting political attitudes, voters moving to other districts and the quality of candidates. The efficiency gap scores show Republicans picked up at least two excess seats each in MI and North Carolina.The national Republican State Leadership Committee, the force behind the party’s surge in state legislative elections, attributes its victories to candidates who better represent their communities.A previous efficiency gap analysis conducted by Simon Jackman, a former professor of political science and statistics at Stanford University, found that the Republican advantage was even higher in the 2012 and 2014 Missouri House elections.